""Know thyself" is the entire field of knowledge. Only when the human being has finally attained knowledge of all things will he have known himself. For things are merely the boundaries of the human being."
…the very idea of free choice is threatening, extremely threatening.
Most of us are usually prepared to pass on the choice as quickly as possible, to God, to science, or to the advertising industry.
There is absolutely no doubt that we are organisms with biological drives, and that the drives of thousands of years echo in our genes. However, it is equally true that we can decide what we do with these genes, and hence, we are also responsible for these decisions and accountable for the consequences.
Culture is actually a collective decision in which rules are presented and imposed. Every new generation tries to modify it, and ultimately every individual can break away from this culture if he/she is prepared to pay the price.
The minimum price for this freedom is always the same: loneliness, which is much less fun.
- Paul Verhaeghe, Love In A Time Of Loneliness, p. 21 (via sinthematica)
This video was reblogged from guante and originally by guante.
One can extend to the system of signs in general what Saussure says of language: “Language [langue] is necessary for speech [parole] to be intelligible and to produce all its effects, but speech is necessary for language to be established.”
There is a circle here, for if one rigorously distinguishes langue and parole, code and message, schema and usage, etc., and if one wishes to do justice to the two postulates thus enunciated, one does not know where to begin, nor how something can begin in general, be it language or speech. Therefore, one has to admit before any dissociation of language and speech, code and message, etc. (and everything that goes along with such a dissociation), a systematic production of differences, the production of a system of differences— a différance — within whose effects one eventually, by abstraction and according to determined motivations, will be able to demarcate a linguistics of language and a linguistics of speech.
"[An encounter] is a contingent, chance element of existence. Something happens to you that nothing among your existing world’s points of reference made likely or necessary. You encounter someone who you do not know and yet who strikes you, attracts you, enters into your life."
- Alain Badiou, ‘People cling onto identities… it is a world opposed to the encounter’ (via foucault-the-haters)